Illustration of comparison essay the theory is that of literature: the essential difference between classicism and sentimentalism
Literature is a particular form of art that helps to know the present-day history and also to know how the main tendencies of social development in past times were formed.
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The looks of classicism, which developed in Western European culture during the end of the seventeenth century, determined the ideological content of literary works, the strict system of poetic rules in addition to concepts of plot construction, reflecting the idea of orderliness and excellence associated with the universe, nature and culture.
The “sensitive” literature of sentimentalism that emerged within the last half associated with the eighteenth century was meant to show and educate on examples and pictures that can cause empathy, which awakens high feelings, guided by the indisputable fact that all evil could be overcome.
Within our literary works up to the start of the XIX century, classicism and sentimentalism developed, complementing one another and pursuing the same goal: which will make society perfect, by affirming the rational principles of morality as well as the rules of human behavior. Ways to achieve this goal in the philosophy of classicism had been understood to be the assertion of this supremacy of order, form, hierarchy and had been based on an obvious division of creative designs and genres. The theorists of classicism paid unique attention to drama and poetry. Epic poems and tragedies where the basis associated with plot happens to be important historic events, and actors – the gods and strongest of the globe, demanded a lofty poetic composition, ruled spatial turns. These were related to the “high” genre.
The spoken language and stylistically lowered images could only be present in satires, fables and comedies, which fixed this is of “low” genres. Obligatory observance for the unity of time, place, action and rules of constructing tragedy and drama with visibility, zygote, development of action, culmination and resolution limited the likelihood of stage-based discovery of images, but emphasized the inviolability of order, the connection of cause and impact, clarity expression of the primary idea of the task. Sentimentalism allowed more freely to utilize the method of creative expression. Attention to household details, a description of emotional experiences, the image for the internal realm of guy along with his closeness to nature demanded and new literary forms. The epistolary genre, sentimental novel, travel notes can be found in the literary works. The development of sentimentalism greatly expanded the possibilities of artistic prose and caused it to be more democratic: the interest of both article writers and readers had been the fate of a typical individual, clear, close, causing interest and compassion.
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Thus, the essential difference between classicism and sentimentalism can be as follows:
- The subject of the image in the works of classicism are essential, meaningful activities that determine the fate of somebody who is obliged to obey the founded order and the determined span of events.
- In the heart of attention of authors – sentimentalists – the inner realm of heroes, effective at deeply feel and experience.
- Classicism is just a literary trend where the foundation associated with the artistic technique may be the division of works into “high”, “medium” and “low” genres.
- Sentimentalism does not have such a division, because its task would be to educate the sensory faculties, using an array of visual opportinity for this purpose.
- The primary genres of classicism are the epic google plagiarism check poem, tragedy, ode, drama, heroic tale, comedy, satire and fable.
- Genres attribute of sentimentalism are a definite novel, letters, diaries, travel records.
- Classicalism argued educational ideas in line with the subordination of personal feelings of debt to society.
- Representatives of sentimentalism considered the inner realm of heroes as a harmonious whole.
- They thought that educating a single individual, you are able to increase the whole society.